Tawang: Exploring the Enchanting Monastery Town

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Have you ever dreamt of immersing yourself in a tourism destination that combines breathtaking travel landscapes with a rich cultural heritage? Explore the sites of this area. If you are interested in tourism and travel, then Tawang, a town in Assam, is the perfect destination for you. Located in the northeastern part of India, the district of Assam is renowned for its stunning natural beauty and spiritual tranquility. This area is filled with picturesque sites that attract visitors from all over the world. Whether you are exploring the charming towns or immersing yourself in the serene atmosphere, Assam offers a unique experience that cannot be found elsewhere.

Imagine standing amidst majestic mountains, surrounded by lush green valleys and pristine lakes in the north of the state. These breathtaking sites are found in a picturesque town. Tawang, a town located near the Sela Pass on the border, offers an awe-inspiring panorama that will leave you spellbound. The road to Tawang is an adventure in itself. But it’s not just the picturesque scenery of this town that makes it special; it’s also the vibrant cultural tapestry woven into its fabric. The road through the tunnel adds to the charm of this place. RS

One of the highlights of Tawang is the famous Tawang Monastery, located on the road leading to the tunnel. It is considered one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in the world and is supported by the government. The monastery attracts numerous visitors and is an important landmark in the region. As you pass through the road, you’ll be enveloped by a sense of serenity and peace in this sacred space. The tunnel and line add to the overall atmosphere. The monastery’s intricate architecture and ancient relics are a testament to centuries-old traditions and beliefs. Located along a scenic road, the monastery is a captivating sight. Its stunning architecture and valuable relics attract visitors from far and wide. The monastery’s history dates back for many kilometers, making it a significant landmark in the region.

Tawang has become a popular tourist destination for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers alike, thanks to its scenic roads and stunning views spanning over kilometers. Whether you’re seeking thrilling trekking trails or simply yearning to connect with nature on a deeper level, this district has something to offer everyone. With its picturesque roads and vast stretches of beautiful landscapes spanning several kilometers, this district is a paradise for road trippers and adventure enthusiasts alike.

Intrigued? Join me as we delve deeper into the wonders of Tawang!

Historical Significance of Tawang Monastery Town

Tawang, a picturesque town nestled in the mountains of Arunachal Pradesh, holds immense historical significance due to its famous Tawang Monastery. Founded by Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso in 1680-81 AD, this monastery has become an important center for Mahayana Buddhism and is renowned for housing valuable scriptures and artifacts.

Origin and Cultural Significance

The establishment of Tawang Monastery marked the beginning of a spiritual journey that would shape the region’s history and culture. The monastery stands as a testament to the devotion and perseverance of its founder, Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso. His vision was to create a sacred space where Buddhist teachings could flourish and benefit the local community.

Preserving Buddhism’s Rich Heritage

Tawang Monastery houses an extensive collection of ancient scriptures, including rare texts written on palm leaves. These invaluable documents provide insights into Buddhist philosophy, meditation techniques, and rituals that have been passed down through generations. The monks residing within the monastery diligently study these scriptures, ensuring that their profound wisdom is preserved for future generations.

The monastery also serves as an educational institution for young monks who come from various parts of Arunachal Pradesh and neighboring countries like Bhutan and Tibet. Here they receive comprehensive training in Buddhist philosophy, art, literature, music, dance, and other aspects of monastic life. This holistic education not only helps them deepen their spiritual understanding but also equips them with skills essential for serving their communities.

A Witness to Turbulent Times

Throughout its existence, Tawang Monastery has witnessed numerous invasions and conflicts that have left indelible marks on its walls. In the 18th century, it faced attacks from external forces seeking control over the region. However, despite facing adversities time after time, the monastery stood strong as a symbol of resilience and faith.

During the Sino-Indian War in 1962, Tawang Monastery found itself at the center of a territorial dispute between India and China. The Chinese forces briefly occupied the monastery, causing significant damage to its structures and artifacts. However, after their withdrawal, the local community joined hands to restore and rebuild this sacred place, ensuring that its historical importance remained intact.

A Living Heritage

Beyond the walls of Tawang Monastery lies a town that has preserved its traditional architecture and way of life. The houses in Tawang are built in a distinctive style, reflecting the rich cultural heritage of the region. Walking through the narrow streets adorned with colorful prayer flags, one can experience a sense of timelessness as if stepping into a bygone era.

The people of Tawang continue to embrace their unique customs and traditions. Festivals like Losar (Tibetan New Year) and Torgya (Monastic Dance Festival) are celebrated with great enthusiasm, attracting visitors from far and wide.

Exploring Cultural Delights in Tawang

Experience vibrant festivals like Losar, Torgya, and Dungyur during your visit to Tawang.

There’s no better way than experiencing its vibrant festivals. From the moment you step foot in this enchanting town, you’ll be captivated by the pulsating energy that fills the air during festivities like Losar, Torgya, and Dungyur.

Losar, also known as Tibetan New Year, is a grand celebration that marks the beginning of the Tibetan calendar. The streets come alive with colorful decorations and traditional music fills every corner. Witness mesmerizing masked dances performed by Buddhist monks amidst chants and prayers. It’s a truly awe-inspiring sight that will leave an indelible mark on your memory.

Torgya festival is another spectacle not to be missed. Held at the Tawang Monastery, this annual event showcases ancient rituals believed to ward off evil spirits and bring prosperity to the community. The highlight of Torgya is the Cham dance – a captivating performance where dancers adorned in ornate costumes depict stories from Buddhist mythology. Prepare to be enthralled by their graceful movements and intricate choreography.

Dungyur festival offers yet another opportunity to delve into Tawang’s cultural heritage. This harvest festival celebrates fertility and abundance with joyful song and dance performances accompanied by traditional musical instruments. Join in the merriment as locals come together to express gratitude for nature’s bounties while showcasing their unique customs and traditions.

Get immersed in the local lifestyle by interacting with Monpa tribespeople.

In this close-knit community of Tawang, connecting with its warm-hearted inhabitants allows you to experience firsthand their way of life. The Monpa tribespeople are known for their hospitality and genuine friendliness towards visitors. Engage in conversations with them, and you’ll discover a treasure trove of stories, legends, and folklore that have been passed down through generations.

Take the opportunity to learn about their traditional farming practices, which are deeply rooted in harmony with nature. From cultivating organic crops to rearing livestock, the Monpas have honed their agricultural techniques over centuries. Gain insights into their sustainable lifestyle and witness how they maintain a delicate balance between human needs and environmental conservation.

Visit craft centers to witness traditional art forms like Thangka painting and wood carving.

Tawang is a haven for artisans who have mastered exquisite art forms that reflect the region’s cultural heritage. At craft centers scattered throughout the town, you can witness skilled craftsmen engrossed in creating intricate Thangka paintings – religious artworks depicting Buddhist deities and scenes. Marvel at their precision as they delicately apply vibrant pigments onto silk canvases, bringing divine beings to life.

Wood carving is another craftsmanship that flourishes in Tawang.

Breathtaking Natural Beauty of Tawang

Trek through picturesque valleys surrounded by snow-capped mountains like Gorichen Peak (6,488m)

Imagine embarking on a thrilling adventure through the mesmerizing valleys of Tawang, where every step unveils breathtaking vistas. One such remarkable trek takes you through picturesque valleys nestled amidst towering snow-capped mountains, with the majestic Gorichen Peak standing tall at an awe-inspiring height of 6,488 meters. As you traverse these trails, you’ll be captivated by the sheer grandeur of nature surrounding you.

The trek offers an opportunity to immerse yourself in the serenity and tranquility of this region. The crisp mountain air fills your lungs as you make your way through lush green meadows dotted with vibrant wildflowers. The mighty peaks serve as a stunning backdrop against which your journey unfolds. Each turn reveals a new panorama that leaves you in awe of nature’s artistry.

Delight in the mesmerizing views of Nuranang Falls cascading down from a height of 100 meters

Prepare to be enchanted by the spellbinding beauty of Nuranang Falls, also known as Jang Falls or Bong Bong Falls. These magnificent waterfalls cascade down from a staggering height of 100 meters, creating a spectacle that will leave you speechless. The thundering sound of water crashing onto rocks echoes through the valley, adding to its allure.

As you stand before this natural wonder, misty droplets gently kiss your face while rainbows dance in the spray created by the falls. The sheer power and grace with which water plummets down is a sight to behold. Take a moment to soak in the magic and capture this extraordinary experience forever in your memories.

Witness pristine lakes like Pangong Tso Lake nestled amidst serene landscapes

Tawang is home to several pristine lakes that seem like hidden gems tucked away amidst serene landscapes. One such gem is Pangong Tso Lake, a shimmering body of water that reflects the beauty of its surroundings like a mirror. Nestled in the lap of nature, this lake offers a tranquil escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life.

As you gaze upon Pangong Tso Lake, you are greeted by crystal-clear waters that change hues with the shifting sunlight. The surrounding mountains embrace the lake, creating a breathtaking panorama that will leave you awestruck. Take a leisurely stroll along its shores or simply sit back and let the peaceful ambiance wash over you. Pangong Tso Lake is truly a haven for those seeking solace in nature’s embrace.

Hike up to Bum La Pass located at an altitude of 16,500 feet for panoramic vistas

For thrill-seekers and adventure enthusiasts, hiking up to Bum La Pass is an experience like no other. Located at an exhilarating altitude of 16,500 feet, this pass offers panoramic vistas that will take your breath away – both figuratively and literally!

Adventure Activities in Tawang: Trekking and Wildlife Spotting

Thrilling Treks to Geshila Peak, Sela Pass, and Bap Teng Kang

Embarking on a trek through the picturesque landscapes of Tawang is an exhilarating experience that every adventure enthusiast should indulge in. One of the most popular treks is the one leading to Geshila Peak. This challenging trek takes you through dense forests, steep ascents, and rocky terrains. As you conquer each obstacle along the way, you are rewarded with breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.

Another must-visit destination for trekkers is Sela Pass. Situated at an altitude of 13,700 feet, this high mountain pass offers mesmerizing vistas of snow-capped peaks and glacial lakes. The trek to Sela Pass is not only physically demanding but also spiritually enriching as it takes you past ancient monasteries that hold immense cultural significance.

For those seeking a more offbeat trekking experience, Bap Teng Kang is the perfect choice. This lesser-known trail leads you through pristine forests and charming villages, allowing you to immerse yourself in the local culture while enjoying the tranquility of nature. The highlight of this trek is reaching Bap Teng Kang Lake, a hidden gem tucked away amidst towering mountains.

Explore Wildlife Sanctuaries: Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakke Tiger Reserve

Tawang’s abundant natural beauty extends beyond its magnificent landscapes; it also boasts rich biodiversity that can be explored in its wildlife sanctuaries. Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary is a haven for nature lovers and birdwatchers alike. With over 454 species of birds recorded here, including rare ones like the black-necked crane and white-winged wood duck, it offers an unparalleled opportunity to witness avian wonders up close.

Pakke Tiger Reserve is another remarkable wildlife sanctuary that should be on every traveler’s itinerary. Home to diverse flora and fauna, including the majestic Bengal tiger, this reserve promises thrilling encounters with nature. Embark on a jungle safari or opt for a guided trek to explore the hidden treasures of this sanctuary. Keep your camera ready as you might spot other fascinating creatures like elephants, leopards, and hornbills along the way.

Spotting Rare Species of Birds

Tawang is a paradise for bird enthusiasts, offering a chance to spot rare and endangered species in their natural habitats. The black-necked crane, known for its elegant appearance and graceful movements, is one such avian marvel that can be spotted here. These magnificent birds migrate from Tibet during winter and find solace in Tawang’s serene landscapes.

Another feathered gem that calls Tawang home is the white-winged wood duck. With its distinctive plumage and striking features, this elusive species is a sight to behold. Birdwatchers can spend hours observing these beautiful creatures as they go about their daily routines in harmony with nature.

Discovering Hidden Gems: Offbeat Places in Tawang

Zemithang Valley: A Serene Haven Surrounded by Majestic Peaks and Ancient Monasteries

Imagine a place where tranquility reigns supreme, where snow-capped peaks glisten under the golden sun, and ancient monasteries stand as silent witnesses to the passage of time. Welcome to Zemithang Valley, a hidden gem nestled amidst the breathtaking beauty of Tawang. As you step into this peaceful haven, you’ll be captivated by its untouched charm and awe-inspiring vistas.

The valley is cocooned by towering mountains that create an enchanting backdrop for your journey. With every step you take, you’ll feel a sense of serenity wash over you as the crisp mountain air fills your lungs. The ancient monasteries that dot the landscape add a spiritual touch to your visit, inviting you to immerse yourself in their sacred aura.

One such monastery is the Urgelling Monastery, believed to be the birthplace of Tsangyang Gyatso, the 6th Dalai Lama. Its humble structure exudes an aura of mysticism and offers a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of Tawang. As you explore this sacred site, let your senses absorb the chants echoing through its hallowed halls and allow yourself to be transported to a different realm.

For those seeking adventure amidst nature’s splendor, Zemithang Valley has much to offer. Embark on exhilarating treks that lead you through verdant forests and across crystal-clear streams. The Nuranang Waterfall is a sight to behold as it cascades down from great heights, creating an ethereal atmosphere that leaves visitors spellbound.

Bumla: A Remote Village near Indo-China Border That Beckons Explorers

If off-the-beaten-path destinations ignite your spirit of exploration, then Bumla is a place you simply cannot miss. Situated near the Indo-China border, this remote village offers an unparalleled experience for intrepid travelers. As you traverse the rugged terrain that leads to Bumla, prepare to be amazed by its untouched beauty and the sense of adventure that lingers in the air.

The journey to Bumla itself is an adventure worth undertaking. The winding roads take you through breathtaking landscapes, revealing panoramic views at every turn. As you ascend higher, you’ll witness nature’s grandeur unfold before your eyes – snow-capped peaks piercing the sky, vast meadows carpeted with wildflowers, and pristine lakes reflecting the surrounding mountains.

Upon reaching Bumla, you’ll be greeted by warm smiles and genuine hospitality from the locals who call this place home. Take a moment to immerse yourself in their way of life and learn about their rich cultural heritage. Indulge in local delicacies that tantalize your taste buds with their unique flavors, and listen to captivating stories passed down through generations.

Exploring Tawang: How to Get There, External Resources, and Traditional Arunachal Dishes

Getting to Tawang: Road Trips and Helicopter Rides

So you’ve decided to embark on an adventure to the mesmerizing land of Tawang. One of the most exciting aspects of visiting this enchanting destination is the journey itself. You have a couple of options for reaching Tawang – either by road or through helicopter services.

If you prefer road trips and want to soak in the scenic beauty along the way, you can start your journey from Tezpur or Bomdila. The roads leading to Tawang offer breathtaking views of rolling hills, lush valleys, and cascading waterfalls. As you wind through hairpin bends, be prepared for a thrilling ride that will leave you in awe of nature’s wonders.

On the other hand, if you’re seeking a quicker route or wish to experience an adrenaline rush from above, consider taking a helicopter ride from Guwahati. This option not only saves time but also allows you to witness panoramic views of the picturesque landscapes below. Imagine soaring over emerald green forests and snow-capped peaks as you make your way towards Tawang.

Ideal Time to Visit and Permits Required

To make the most out of your visit to Tawang, it’s crucial to plan your trip during favorable weather conditions. The best time to explore this region is between April and October when the skies are clear, and temperatures are pleasant. During these months, you can enjoy outdoor activities like trekking amidst nature’s splendor without worrying about extreme weather disruptions.

Before setting foot in Arunachal Pradesh, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with the permit requirements for entry into this northeastern state. To ensure a hassle-free journey, refer to official tourism websites or contact local authorities for detailed information on permits needed for tourists. By obtaining the necessary permits in advance, you can avoid any last-minute complications and enjoy a smooth entry into Tawang.

Traditional Arunachal Dishes: A Gastronomic Delight

No trip to Tawang is complete without indulging in the rich flavors of traditional Arunachal dishes. The local cuisine offers a delightful blend of unique ingredients and cooking techniques that will tantalize your taste buds. Here are some must-try dishes that will leave you craving for more:

  1. Thukpa: This hearty noodle soup is a popular comfort food in the region. Made with hand-pulled noodles, vegetables, and aromatic spices, Thukpa warms both the body and soul. It’s perfect for those chilly evenings when you want something comforting and flavorful.
  2. Momos: These delectable dumplings need no introduction. Momos have gained popularity worldwide, but tasting them in their place of origin is an experience like no other.

Indulging in Traditional Arunachal Cuisine

Are you ready to embark on a culinary adventure through the land of Tawang? Get ready to tantalize your taste buds with the rich flavors and unique dishes of traditional Arunachal cuisine. From locally sourced ingredients to mouthwatering delicacies, this region has something to satisfy every food lover’s cravings.

Savor dishes made with locally sourced ingredients like bamboo shoots, ferns, and wild mushrooms.

One cannot ignore the abundant use of fresh and locally sourced ingredients. The people of Tawang take pride in their connection with nature, which is reflected in their culinary traditions. One such ingredient that stands out is bamboo shoots. These tender and flavorful shoots are used in a variety of dishes, adding a delightful crunch and earthy taste.

Ferns are another staple in Arunachal cuisine. Known for their unique texture and taste, ferns are often cooked as side dishes or incorporated into main courses. They bring a refreshing element to the plate and perfectly complement other ingredients.

Wild mushrooms also play a significant role in the local cuisine. With an array of shapes, sizes, and flavors, these mushrooms add depth and complexity to various dishes. Whether they are stir-fried with vegetables or used as a filling for dumplings, wild mushrooms never fail to impress with their distinct aroma and taste.

Try the famous Apong, a millet-based alcoholic beverage served in bamboo containers.

No visit to Tawang would be complete without indulging in Apong – the beloved millet-based alcoholic beverage that holds cultural significance for the locals. This traditional drink is brewed using fermented millet grains and served in bamboo containers called ‘toku.’ The process of making Apong involves carefully fermenting the millet over several days until it reaches its desired flavor profile.

Apong is not just a drink; it is a symbol of celebration and togetherness. It is often shared among friends and family during festivals, weddings, or other special occasions. The sweet and tangy taste of Apong, coupled with its unique presentation in bamboo containers, adds an extra layer of enjoyment to the drinking experience.

Enjoy smoked pork dishes like Ngothu Momo and Galho prepared with unique Monpa flavors.

If you’re a meat lover, Tawang has a treat in store for you. The region is renowned for its delectable smoked pork dishes that are infused with the distinctive flavors of the Monpa community. One such dish that will leave you craving for more is Ngothu Momo.

Ngothu Momo consists of succulent pieces of smoked pork wrapped in dough and steamed to perfection. The smoky aroma combined with the tender meat creates an explosion of flavors in every bite. This dish showcases the expertise of the Monpa people.

Tawang’s Timeless Charm

Tawang, with its rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking natural beauty, has a timeless charm that captivates every traveler. The historical significance of Tawang Monastery Town is evident in its ancient monasteries and sacred sites. Immerse yourself in the cultural delights of Tawang by exploring its unique festivals, traditional dances, and local handicrafts. The awe-inspiring landscapes of Tawang will leave you spellbound, from the snow-capped peaks to the tranquil lakes and lush valleys.

To truly experience the essence of Tawang, embark on thrilling adventure activities like trekking through its rugged terrains or spotting wildlife in its pristine forests. Don’t miss out on discovering hidden gems off the beaten path that offer a glimpse into the untamed beauty of this region. AndSavor traditional Arunachal dishes that will leave you craving for more.

So pack your bags and get ready to explore Tawang’s timeless charm. Whether you’re an adventure enthusiast or a culture lover, this enchanting destination has something for everyone. Experience the magic of Tawang firsthand and create memories that will last a lifetime.


What is the best time to visit Tawang?

The best time to visit Tawang is during the months of April to October when the weather is pleasant and ideal for outdoor activities.

How can I reach Tawang?

Tawang can be reached by road from Guwahati or Tezpur in Assam. It takes approximately two days to reach by road due to hilly terrain. Alternatively, you can also take a flight from Guwahati to Tezpur or Lilabari airport and then continue by road.

Are there any accommodation options available in Tawang?

Yes, Tawang offers a range of accommodation options including hotels, guesthouses, and homestays to suit different budgets and preferences.

Is it safe to travel to Tawang?

Tawang is generally considered safe for travelers. However, it’s always advisable to take necessary precautions and follow local guidelines while traveling.

What are some popular trekking routes in Tawang?

Some popular trekking routes in Tawang include the Bum La Pass Trek, Sela Pass Trek, and Gorichen Base Camp Trek. These treks offer stunning views of the Himalayas and an opportunity to explore the region’s natural beauty.

Can I hire a guide for exploring Tawang?

Yes, hiring a local guide is recommended for exploring Tawang as they can provide valuable insights into the history, culture, and hidden gems of the region.

Are there any restrictions or permits required to visit Tawang?

Yes, Indian tourists require an Inner Line Permit (ILP) to visit Tawang as it is located in a restricted area near the Indo-China border. Foreign tourists need to obtain a Protected Area Permit (PAP) from the Ministry of Home Affairs before visiting Tawang.